The Impact of Industrial Training in Polytechnics

The Impact of Industrial Training in Polytechnics

In the introductory part of the project we looked at the ways of reducing the rate of unemployment. This quickly brings to mind the need for the right type of person that will be able to work in our industries effectively and efficiently. Depending on foreign experts will not favour our drive towards economic in dependence. The current more by the Federal Government of Nigeria towards attaining self-reliance in the area of manpower development is commendable.

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The students industrial work experience scheme is a skilled training programme designed to expose and prepare student in institution of higher learning for the industrial working situation in which they are likely to meet after graduation. The effective use of manpower resources is one of the main problems facing our society today. Government and co-operate bodies are being faced by the prevailing socio-economic situation to give increasing attention to employment policies, massive scheme for creating job experiment in work showing and increased opportunities for job training are the order of the day.

This laudable scheme – SIWES is financed by the Federal Government of Nigeria and operated through the industrial training fund (ITF). This study seeks to establish the impact of industrial on the training of OSISATECH students in the state. The study resolves round the following:

  1. Historical origin of industrial training and development of SIWES.
  2. School of thought within the industrial work experience science in OSISATECH.

iii.     The school of thought relevant to the problem.


The industrial training fund was established by decree No 47 of October 18th, 1971. The training was the first of the three manpower training and development agencies greater by the federal military government during the second National Development promulgated as a result of the criticisms, that is the past. Some universities stated offering engineering courses and producing engineering graduates from whom there was no organized industries, that engineering graduates of the universities and Diploma from polytechnic in Nigeria reek the practical skills to undertake serious industrial work.

There was a going evidence that there exalt wide gap between theory and other practice of engineering technology and other practically oriented course in almost all Nigeria Institutions of higher learning. It was in this light that the industrial training fund was set up. The decree No 47 of 1971 also defined the aims of this industrial training fund as a body for promoting and encouraging the acquisition of skill in industrial and commerce with a view of generating a proof of trained manpower for the nation. The I.T.F. Governing councils comprehensive police on training was called industrial training fund policy. Statement No 1, the policy statement covers the functions of uniform national vocational and apprenticeship training scheme in the country. Seeking to harmonize training programme with the circular of formal educational institution.

To manage the affairs of the fund a governing council was inaugurated in 1971. members of the council are drawn from the public and private sectors and reflect the co-operative spirit of the employed organized labour and the provider of training needs and providing the machinery to meet need. The council consists of twenty two members appointed by the federal minister for industries, to make policy and take decision.


The school is designed to acquaint students with the industrial work situation they are likely to meet after graduation. The scheme is and also meant to expose students in heading equipment and machinery that may not be available in education institutions. The scheme help students of OSISATECH to match theory with practice to know the organization operation and test their experience concerning their careers.

Lawal (1988) of ITF stated “it is the company or organization level that decision are made which enable the individual to give off his or her east. All of this life or use derive money of our satisfaction and frustration from our jobs and the extent to which they enable us to use our abilities. He was trying to make us understand that it is a company or organization that we students learn how to make decision and going into industrial training, which will help us in testing the ability of doing the job.

However, the courses and programmes approved for scheme are suitable courses in the universities, polytechnics, college of technology and course of NCE (technical and business). OSISATECH students have one year industrial attachment each at the end of their second year and short industrial attachment of four months after their first year respectively. The eligible students for the year are arranged on a state of posting basis using the format provided by the ITF. At the end of the attachment the records of students experience as contained in forms and logbooks must have been properly cross-checked and endorsed after the supervision of the student institutional lecturer. The fund provides in allowance of two thousand five hundred naria per the period of one month, which stated to be period of one month, which stated to be paid in bulk after the industrial attachment might have ended as well as the supervision of records.


Many problems are facing the effective and efficient execution of polytechnics schools. Among the many problems are under grading of some qualities they have, un-acceptance of the qualifications obtained from OSISATECH in particular, monopolistic ownership which should be set aside for the better achievement of OSISATECH students in their fields of industrial training.

Mela Haydom and Mustouty (1967) said “No curriculum, however, may be well compensate for poor school will move then off set deficiencies in curriculum in textbooks and in equipment. There is a direct relationship between the quality of the teaching personnel skill and the quality of the educational process. Ukaja (1978) stated infact the defects of the present Nigeria educational system are partly the result of poor teachings in various schools. By going into industrial attachment, the students are by personnel that acquired necessary practical experiences and exposed to various courses and equipment. Experience begets experience the studies of industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) if planned and done in a relevant organization, OSISAWTECH will be able to gain experience which will benefit their students and they will apply some in their daily life. Industrial training feels under the direct learning experience. Polytechnic could be said that it is one of the machines, which people fail to see the skills in conjunction with academicals opportune of students of OSISATECH.

Professor Adebayo Akerek in his paper “effective human resources development. A required for national development writes on “the educational system which has designed to suit colonial conditions was aimed principally at producting schools and theorist with little emphasis on technical education and development of qualified men power to service our basic technical and industrial needs. He is of the view that the approval is consistence with our needs for economic growth and rapid industrialization impressing on practical training like industrial training he said.

These goals could not be easily achieved the qualification along without proper training and adequate emphasis on practical training. In view of this. Hassan Ahmed II the Director general of industrial training fund was of the view that the need to ensure that talents and abilities are utilized to the fullest and that they find job satisfaction. He further stated that the industrial training fund is catalyst to skill development in the country. After the training students who are going into the field will find them competent.


The research is concerned with the impact of industrial training in polytechnics using our saviour institute of science Agriculture and Technology (OSISATECH) Enugu.

These show that the scheme also meant to expose student in heading equipment and machinery that may not be available in education institutions. The scheme help students of OSISATECH to match theory with practice to know the organization operation and test their experience concerning their careers. And also trying to make us understood that it is organization that we students learn how to make decision and going into industrial training, which will help us in testing the ability of doing the job. The industrial work experience scheme was designed to provide the much needed on the practical experience for students undergoing course in higher institutions in the country and demand exposure to industrial skill under this scheme, students are attached to industry that provides them with practical work skill relevant to their disciplines.

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This article was extracted from a Project Research Work/Material Topic




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