THE ROLE OF EDUCATED NIGERIA WOMEN IN THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF OUR COUNTRY (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA)
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- Roles of educated Nigerian women
- contribution of education Nigerian women towards social economic development of Nigeria.
- problem confronted by educated Nigerian women.
- sources of help to the educated women.
ROLES OF EDUCATED WOMEN
Traditionally African women like women in other parts of the world carry the women universal role of house making. Many distinguishers scholars of observation of the roles of educated women.
The Abuja declaration on participatory development. The role of women in the (1990s) noted that sustainable development only can be achieved with the full participation of educated women who constitute appropriately 50 percent of the population and yet their role in development has only gained serious attention only in the last few years. In their unrelated effort in handling the affairs of government.
Igunbor June (2005) said that during the pre-colonial period to our present time that educated Nigerian women have featured prominently in the Nigerian traditional societies and politics most Nigerian women have exercised great power and influenced society in mater relating to the economy and political reforms.
In west African women participation in the trade has developed and through it women have gained for themselves more recognition in the social fields. In Nigeria women are in position to decide on the price of goods sold in the market as they control the day to day sales and have a very strong economic influence in the country.
National counsel of women’s association play a great role during the IMF loan debate which was published in the daily star Wednesday October (23 1985) captioned “we should forget it” by Mrs. Nnalim D.A president Anambra state branch say every body is bound to feel impact of the deteriorating economic condition so let us forget the IMF loan and guard our lions today for the struggle to rescue our country.
- CONTRIBUTION OF EDUCATED NIGERIAN WOMEN TOWARDS SOCIAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA
Recently in women world of August (1985) another article was published under winding p the undecade for title. Nigeria women and national development by chison who was of the seminar says over 50 papers were presented ranged from the socio-economic contributions of Nigerian women to national development women and agriculture, women’s participation in the labour force integrity of national development and women’s participation in decision making such participation include P. E Adebusoye of university of Benin. Molara .O. of the Ogun state university Ayo Iwoye Stella B Williams the first women vice chancellor in university of Benin and some others.
In the public sectors, a lot of success have been recorded by women according to the later head of state of Nigeria Brigadior .M. Mohamed on the occasion of the visit of members of the national council for women society in the Nigerian o his office says my government intends carrying women among in its administration an attempt to live this country a new life this attest to the fact that whenever women are infursted with any responsibilities they exhibits maturity efficiency and hard work.
Nigeria women did not just sit down and allow themselves to be relegated to the background. They rose up to the challenge and began to seek for the advancement of women. Various women organization were formed by women to include amongst others the Lagos women leagues which campaigned for more employment opportunity for women. Vocational training for girls and better working conditions for nurses from (1932-1944) the women party also ion (1944) campaigned for the expansion or opportunities for women more government employment for women more government employment for women equal pay equal work and more training opportunities for women. The federal of Nigerian women society in 1959 initiated the action against the British System at indirect rule encourage women to take part n the political, social and economic life of the country like they used o (Oyebade Zool) said towards the end of the colonial era. The women’s pressure groups emerged to articulate women’s interests with more women becoming leaders of women’s wings of political parties they worked together with the men to fight pre Nigerian interdependence but were dropped when it came to power sharing because the constitution did not approve the participation of women in public life. With pressure mounting from united nation, women’s in (1975-1985) during this period the military began the tradition of including women into leadership positions and identifying the leadership potential of women by beginning to give their wife leadership opportunities (First lady Syndrome as well as giving women’s token appointments. Women again teamed together under an organization called the Nigeria women’s association under the umbrella of the national council for women society (N.C.W.S) to condemn the policy of token apportionment for women there have been various organization under the leadership of women especially the various first ladies in the country and other women organization that have worked for the development of women. Today Nigeria can boast of female university Chancellors, Vice Chancellors, registrars, Rectors Chief executive officers of banks and other financial institutions and compared. Female members of the legislative houses as well as ministers in key positions such as ministry of finance minister of education, minister of women affairs , lawyers, doctors, engineers and directors generally.
Recent research (world bank 2001) indicates that gender inequalities in developing countries inhibit economic growth . there is a correlation between gender discrimination and greater poverty, slower economic growth, weaker governance and a lower standard of living of the people.
A UNDP analysis similarly confirmed a very strong correction between its (UNDP) gender empowerment measure and gender related development indices and its human development index “He report also billion people living on les than 1$ a days are women. Also in their investigation in Nigeria, Oramah and Ogbu Eloquently orgned that at the center of this inequity insure should be a gender consolidation .
Women participation in development in African has been rated as low. This low participation] has also been blamed for the les than satisfactory impact of public investment in development.
Irokita (1980) wrote” I want to make it clear that what a man can do a women can do it as well. Apart from bringing p children in the right manner so that they have the chance as encouragement and have the ability to contribute their skill in the task of our national economic development. This they can so as professionals or experts in their own field or as house wives.
Agbeka (October 2 1980) say “educated Nigerian women have not been fund wanting in their call to national duties during the beginning of president Shehu Shagari assumption in the office. They are and there holding important post and achieving a lot for the women folk as well as the country at large. Even though. Not many women have been appointed into most of the cabinet posts in this federal and state government, t he few so far appointed have been performing wonders to the surprise of many doubting Thomas as regards the ability and height of responsibilities of women” the success of women’s involvement in leadership has not been achieved a hundred percent as it used to be before colonialism nut there as been huge progress for women in the country and world at large. As the saying goes it takes a second to destroy but years to build.
The important of women education has been put quite succinctly in the statement if you educate a man, you are educating an individual, but educate a woman and you are educating a nation. According to Omolalu and Jimbu (1985) the united nation universal declaration of human rights a crusade against illiteracy and women’s education.
In Anambra state Agbo was some times a female permanent secretary and was noticed for her hard work. Anambra state also can boast of first woman governor in Nigerian Dame Virge Etiaba.
In Imo state, for example they have a women pilot Onyenaucheya, the first woman pilot in Nigeria if not in Africa . these categories at woman have succeeded in combining their roles as wives, mother and civil servants, I want to make it clear that what a man can do a woman can do it as well.
- PROBLEMS CONFRONTED BY EDUCATED NIGERIAN WOMEN
Well I will say that women in Nigeria have been at the bottom rung of activities inspite of their efforts. Things are not rosy with them as all, they constituted the bottom poor of Nigerian. It is taken that 70 percent of Nigerians are poor, I must say that 30 – 4- percent of this number are a woman. Their situation has been worsened by the fact that they are also wives of poor men. Women’s has been handicapped by certain factors. First, rural women are faced with very high illiteracy rate. These women are either dropped out of school or are denied education due to preference for male education by most families.
Another obstacles s lack of aces to credit facilities. With all these obstacles their productive capacity has been seriously weakened. This has resulted in t he involvement of women in menial and unprofitable Jobs in private and government offices only few women are today in positions of authority with the present state of Nigerian women, there is no cause for all out celebration on international women’s day.
Women need to be empowered to contribute their quota to national development.
Another very important issue that should be looked into towards poverty alleviation amongst rural women it that at education. Lack of education in rural women, abnotions traditional belief system, must be addressed heading . move importantly , there s the need to provide and allow rural women access to credit facilities.
The alleviation of rural women’s predicament has to be a multi-sectorial approach. Government should come up with result oriented policies that focus on rural women empowerment.
(Ezumah 2002) women Chiefs ceased to have recognition and input in decision making processes. while the man were sent to school women were left out. This limited to a great extent the opportunities available to women. Thus the complementary contribution of both the man and the woman was destroyed.
For over thirty years, Nigerian was under military rule, the military government which by tradition is a male dominated one excluded women completely from governance and did not recognize their impact in leadership in other sectors of the economy.
Women lacked access to resources including credit and technology because of the deteriorating of the economic situation in the 1980s, the condition of women has been affected adversely it has constrained governments from allocating the necessary resources to the multiple roles of women and their aces to development.
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