Mass Media Coverage of Rural Development News

MASS MEDIA COVERAGE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT NEWS. A CONTENT ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE GUARDIAN, DAILY CHAMPION, PUNCH AND DAILY STAR NEWSPAPERS.

In order to have a good and complete academically oriented work, it is required that there are inputs from already existing works as reference.

In this project work, which is aimed at analyzing the level at which mass media especially newspapers covers rural development news in this country, primary and secondary data were used as part of the sources of literature review. [Read more…]

Occupational Changes and the Adverse Effects on the Secretary

Occupational Changes and the Adverse Effects on the Secretary (A Case Study of Some Selected Establishment in Enugu Urban)

The secretarial profession appears to have myriads of problems. These problems seem to make the secretary ineffective and efficient in the work place. However, the question is: Do secretaries encounter problems in their work place?

To answer the above question, related literature was reviewed in order to set the stage for this study.

The review of literature was carried out under the following headings.

Brief history of the secretarial profession

Definition of the word secretary

Attributes of a secretary

Problems of secretaries

Occupational changes and its effect on the secretary [Read more…]

Impact of Strategic Planning on Organizational Productivity

Impact of Strategic Planning on Organizational Productivity

What is Planning?

Akpala, Agwu (1990), states that planning establish the framework or boundaries within which people make decisions and carryout action in the future. It determines what is to be done in the future and to what end. He says that planning therefore, anticipates future events, problems and relationships and in this way it;

  1. develops a series of alternative approaches to guide action to wards desired goals, and then
  2. decides what to do it, and where to do it before action is taken.

[Read more…]

The Effect of Sales Force Motivation on Productivity

The Effect of Sales Force Motivation on Productivity

DEFINITION AND THEORIES OF MOTIVATION

Numerous definitions are given of the word motivation. Usually included in this definition are such words as – aim, drive, desire, motive, wishes, impulse, intention, objective and purpose. This word motivation comes from a Latin word “Moreve” which means to move (Rue and Byars 1977: 265). [Read more…]

The Concept of Budgeting and Budgetary Control

The Concept of Budgeting and Budgetary Control

There is a consensus among authors in order to arrest the business of the future. An enterprise must have vision of where it wants to be in future and accordingly draw up a strategic business plane. This long term plan are further broken down into shorter period and this shorter period set out a detail step by step procedure by which to attain the business objective. The aim and result of the planning is profit, which is also a yardstick for jugging the management performance. Profit planning especially in the short term is carried out by the use of budget by A.W. Wilmore (1973) is of the opinion that budgeting is a service faction assisting management to fill full her function and that budget did replace management but are completely intertwine with the process of management [Read more…]