PMTCT Services -Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV

PMTCT Services – Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV

This chapter deals with the review of related literature. The review is divided into the following: theoretical, empirical and conceptual review.

2.1     Theoretically

Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV

According to UNAIDS (2012), PMTCT begins with the non-pregnant woman. Preventing mother-to-child transmission is achievable. Between 2009 and 2011, 409,000 new infections were averted among children UNAIDS (2012). [Read more…]

Design And Implementation Of A Prototype Of Student Evaluation System

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A PROTOTYPE OF STUDENT EVALUATION SYSTEM

HISTORY OF EVALUATION IN EDUCATION

According to John (1991), the practice of evaluating individual performance was easily seen as early as 2000B.C, when Chinese officials conducted civil service examinations to measure proficiency of public officials. In 1845, the Boston school committee under took what was known as Boston survey, the first use of printed tests for wide assessment of student achievement. This survey was used to test Boston student in definitions, civil history, writing, arithmetic, grammar and natural philosophy. But the committee was shocked by the low performance in 1845 and 1846, and discontinued the testing in 1847 because no use was made of the results. During the period of 1895-1905, Joseph Rice proposed the setting of standardized examination for assessing students. [Read more…]

Engineering Project Topics Approved by Nigerian Universities

Engineering Project Topics Approved by Nigerian Universities

Engineering Project Topics Approved by Nigerian Universities – Get your own Engineering  Project Topics here! These Engineering Research /Project topics below has duly been researched and approved. All Engineering  Project topics here contain the complete 5(five) Chapters required. These include:
•    Abstract
•    Proposal (where applicable)
•    Introduction etc
•    Literature Review etc
•    Conclusion
•    Recommendation
•    References/Bibliography
•    Questionnaires (where applicable) [Read more…]

Financial Management – Design and Implementation of a Computerized Financial Management System for Public Institutions

Financial Management – Design and Implementation of a Computerized Financial Management System for Public Institutions

Financial management is inextricable linked with financial planning. This notwithstanding, control parameters are outcomes of financial planning decisions. However, systematic planning in itself requires a degree of control in terms of its process and procedure.
Everyday, people take decision which can be less frequent or as a result of the importance at to it. In all cases, if the decision is to be taken on a rational bases, the decision maker will need information about the likely outcome and consequences of his decision. The luxury of being in a position of action (including in action) is open, in the future, to the decision maker. Otherwise, there is only one course of action and decision. [Read more…]

Construction of a Steel Cupboard

Construction of a Steel Cupboard

A cupboard is a set of shelves with a door or doors in front either built into the wall of a room or as a separate piece of furniture, there are so many kinds of cupboard such as office cupboard, laboratory cupboard kitchen cupboard, linen cupboard, etc. Cupboard is generally used for storing materials in the laboratory, offices, kitchen and homes such as books, foodstuffs, cloths, files, dishes, audio and video cassettes, glassware, chemical reagents, etc. cupboard can be made with different types of materials such as steel, wood, glass, and some other kinds of metals. [Read more…]